Chapter 2. Yoga of Wisdom: Verse 2
कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम् |
kutastvaa kashmalamidam vishame samupasthitam
How has this despondency come upon you in this critical time, O Arjuna, this is not befitting of an Aryan (refined human), it leads to infamy and doesn't lead to higher spiritual planes.
Commentary & Explanation
Krishna expresses his surprise at Arjuna's depression, "where does this come from, O Arjuna?" taunts Krishna. Arjuna being a warrior, that too a royalty was taught the duties and management of the country, he was also initiated into spiritual philosophy and yet Arjuna was very depressed seeing his relatives and dear ones on the battle field.
AnArya is the opposite of Arya, Aryan is he/she who is refined in quality and well learned in the matters of spirituality, world affairs, justice & in practice an embodiment of dignity, honesty, courage, clarity, introspection and such.
It is interesting that Krishna starts his message with a call to awake (to truth) rather than sympathising with Arjuna. Perhaps it is opt to address pity with courage & clarity rather than with sympathy.
Note: The word Aryan doesn't indicate any race, The German indologists of the 20th century who were inspired by the Indian scriptures referred to themselves as Aryan, by that they meant- people of same origin as the Indians. It was abused by the Nazis later to mean superior race of White Germans.
In the Indian context too there are attempts to classify Indians into two separate categories of Aryans and Dravidians. word Dravida was initially used by Adi Shankara to mean the southern part of Indian and no separate race was meant.
Some early linguists used Aryan and Dravidian to indicate linguistic differences rather than ethnic.
To act in a way not suitable for a noble man leads to infamy, being a royalty his actions will be talked about by millions and thus more infamy. Also the state of indecisiveness and depression does not help one attain higher spiritual realms.
Note: According to All Indian religions self-realization (or Liberation) is the highest state there is to attain. Heaven and hell are transitory phases an Atman(individual soul) goes through after death in its cycles of numerous Birth-Death-Reincarnation-Death.
There are numerous levels in both hell and heaven, each according to his level of consciousness is said to be drawn to that place which resonates with his mental state.
|Shree bhagavaan||The Lord; God|
|Kutah||Where from; how?|
|Vishame||Time of crisis;odd time|
|Samupasthitam||Arrive; come over|
|Aswargyam||Un-heavenly; not leading to higher realms|
|Akeerti-karam||Leading to infamy, disgrace|