Chapter 1. Despondency of Arjuna: Verse 3

Sanskrit Verse

पश्यैतां पाण्डुपुत्राणामाचार्य महतीं चमूम् ।
व्यूढां द्रुपदपुत्रेण तव शिष्येण धीमता ।।


Pashyaitaam paandu-putraanaamaachaarya mahateem chamoom
vyoodham drupada-putrena tava shishyena dheemataa

English Translation

O teacher, behold the great army of the sons of Pandu(Pandavas) expertly arranged in battle order by your disciple, the son of Drupada(Dhrishtadyumna)

Commentary & Explanation

Drishtadyumna was the son of King Drupada. Drupada and Drona had some bad blood between them from the past.

Drupada the prince was studying in the gurukula of sage Bharadwaja, the father of Drona. Drona and Drupada had become very close friends when they were staying together with Bharadwaja, so much so that prince Drupada had promised Drona that he would give him half his kingdom any time. Drona when he could not bear the burden of poverty anymore goes to his friend Drupada who was now a king to seek help, Drupada however behaves arrogantly with Drona, mocks him in front of everyone in the king's court and makes him move out ashamed.

Drona wanting to avenge this bad treatment prepares his students to become great warriors and when they grow up orders them to capture the kingdom from Drupada. The Kauravas go in next defeat the army of Drupada and Arjunacaptures king Drupada alive, to be forgiven by Drona later, Drona taking only half the share of the kingdom.

Drupada now shamed, decides to take revenge on Drona and performs Yajna(sacred rite) through which he begets a son (Drishtadyumna) for the sake of taking revenge on Drona (and a daughter Draupadi who marries Pandavas), Drupada sends Drushtadyumna to Drona to learn the art of warfare from. Drona even though he knew Drushtadyumna was born to kill him taught him the art of warfare the best way possible (for a teacher should not so no to whoever wants to learn and discriminate between his pupils)

Why does Duryodhana refer to Pandava army as great Army and battle formations as genius?

While talking to Drona, Duryodhana refers to the Pandava army as great army, was it because he was afraid of his enmies where enemies appear big only because of the fear of the seer? or was it a Kshatriya virtue of accepting a great army as great army? was he trying to stimulate Drona to create formations better than the Pandavas?

Why does Duryodhana go to Drona to discuss?

Duryodhana goes to Drona to discuss about the battle formations of Pandavas, Bhishma was the assigned commander of Kauravas, why not to him? or to his best friend Karna?

  • Duryodhana was doubtful of loyalty of Bhishma for Bhishma's Love for Pandavas was an open secret.
  • Duryodhan perhaps thought Bhishma being old man had les to contribute for his win
  • Was Duryodhana worried that Drona may not be happy with appointing Bhishma as the commander instead of him?
  • Was it to boost Drona's Ego by showing that Duryodhana actually considers Drona (ibstead of Bhishma) to be the most important strategist from their side?

Spiritual view: Like a man's heart with desires does not stay quiet and always keeps craving after sensual things, Duryodhana was not satisfied and thus not one pointed, his heart was scattered and mind agitated, while a Sattvic Kshatriya(he who fights for righteousness) becomes one pointed at the prospect of war, a Tamasic Kshatriya(he who fights gather objects of desire) becomes agitated and fear of life mixed with fear of loss makes him agitated.



Pandu-putranamOf the sons of pandu
AcharyaO teacher
ChamumMilitary force
Drupada putrenaBy the son of Drupada
Dhi-mataVery intelligent