Chapter 1. Despondency of Arjuna: Verse 21

Sanskrit Verse

अर्जुन उवाच |
सेनयोरुभयोर्मध्ये रथं स्थापय मेऽच्युत ||


Arjuna uvaacha
senayor-ubhayor-madhye ratham sthaapaya me-achyuta

English Translation

Arjuna Said: O infallible one (Krishna), Place my chariot in between both the armies

Commentary & Explanation

Arjuna asks his friend, his charioteer, his Guru Krishna to place his chariot in between the armies, he wants to make an assessment of what is happening. To see those whom he has to fight.

Arjuna requests Krishna to place the chariot in between the armies, Krishna does so lovingly. Krishna the Lord of the world did as Arjuna requested. Where there is Love there is no distinction of high and low.

In the battle field Krishna became the charioteer of Arjuna, this makes an interesting analogy. Guru is considered the charioteer of his devotee, because when he becomes the charioteer he takes control of his disciple's life, the Guru handles the reins himself.

Guru is one who is one with consciousness(Prajna/ Brahman), he is said to reside in disciples' Kutashta(Third Eye). He takes control of disciple's intelligence so that the disciple grows spiritually quicker. When (wo)man is spiritually ready the spirit starts guiding that person.

Katha Upanishad 1.3.3–4 verse makes a wonderful representation of Mind, intelligence, sense objects, senses, self, Physical body.

Self is the rider of the chariot, where Body is the Chariot

Intelligence is Charioteer, and Mind is the reins

Senses are the horses (which drag us everywhere), The objects are the roads

The Self, (though) associated with Body & Mind is the enjoyer

Chariot Allegory to Mind, Soul and Sense

[Image: Krishna & Arjuna in the chariot]



MadhyeIn between or middle
AchyutaInfallible one(Krishna); One without blemishes