Chapter 1. Despondency of Arjuna: Verse 14
माधव: पाण्डवश्चैव दिव्यौ शङ्खौ प्रदध्मतु: ||
maadhavah paandavashchaiva divyau shankhau pradadhmatuh
Commentary & Explanation
Krishna and Arjuna sitting in their grand chariot carried by white horses reply to the sounds made by Kauravas.
The Pandavas were stable minded, they were waiting patiently in the battle field.
It was Krishna and Arjuna that start the reply to call of war made by Kauravas and not Bhima, the commander in chief. Krishna was accepted as the divine incarnation while Arjuna as the most powerful warrior alive. Thus them leading the reply cheered the Pandava army.
The conches of Krishna and Arjuna are referred to as divine, and the sounds they produced as splendid indicating calm and composure in the Pandava army, in contrast the sounds of Kauravas was called tumultuous.
Krishna is referred to as Madhava, Madhava means the husband of Ma, the goddess of fortune, wealth and victory; indicating Pandavas were on the right side. Madhava can also mean killer of demon Madhu and supreme Lord himself (Ma=Ma Prakriti, Dhava=husband, thus Madhava=Purusha, the cosmic person).
The white horses indicate purity, that the Pandavas were fighting for the righteous cause. The chariot of Arjuna was gifted to him by the deity of Fire Agni.
Perhaps Sanjaya might be praising every aspect of Pandavas so that Dhritarashtra might try to stop the war (if he feared Kauravas would lose)
|Shvetaih||By white; shveta=white|
|Yukte||Yoked (held together)|
|Madhavah||Husband of Lakshmi; husband of Prakriti=Purusha/Consciousness; killed of demon Madhu|
|Paandavah||The Pandava (Arjuna)|