Chapter 1. Despondency of Arjuna: Verse 1
धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः
मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय
dharmakshetre kurukshetre samaveta yuyutsavah
mamakah pandavashchaiva kimAkurvata sanjaya
Commentary & Explanation
Dhritarashtra, the blind king was the father of Kauravas and the uncle of Pandavas. He was knowledgeable on the topics of administration, warfare and so on. He knew Pandavas were righteous and their intentions were good, however because of his blind attachment to his sons he rarely admonished them for their wicked acts, encouraged by this the Kauravas became more and more arrogant and freely did wicked things to Pandavas.
Sanjaya, the son of Gavalgani the charioteer was a disciple of sage Vyasa.
Dhritarashtra being a blind man wanted to know what was happening on the battle field, sage Vyasa offers him vision of the battlefield, however Dhritarashtra fearing the results (as he was biased towards Kauravas) did not want to see the battle live. Sage Vyasa grants his disciple Sanjaya (and devoted assistant of King Dhritarashtra) the vision of the Battle field.
Kurukshetra is the name of the place of Kurus, ancestors of both Kauravas & Pandavas. (A Village by the name Kurukshetra exists even today in the Northern part of India), this is where the battle is happening, thus named Battle of Kurukshetra.
Spiritual View: The mind(Dhritarashtra) being blind is attached to its limited identity of self (Sons), though it is taught right knowledge, disciplined through right meditation because of residual clinging to limited identity it will side itself with the lower qualities.
|Dharma-kshetre||In the holy place|
|Kurukshetra||Kurukshetra (Kshetra=place) is a place in the northern part of India; Place of Kurus|
|Samavetah||Desiring to fight|
|Mamakah||My party (sons)|
|Pandavah||The sons of Pāṇḍu|
|Akurvata||Did they do|